Monday, April 20, 2009

AIEEE 2008- An Imaginary Question on Bohr Model

The following question was included in the AIEEE 2008 question paper:

Suppose an electron is attracted towards the origin by a force k/r where ‘k’ is a constant and ‘r’ is the distance of the electron from the origin. By applying Bohr’s model to this system, the radius of the nth orbital of the system is found to be ‘rn’ and the kinetic energy of the electron to be ‘Tn’. Then which of the following is true?

(1) Tn α 1/n2, rn α n2

(2) Tn independent of n, rn α n

(3) Tn α 1/n, rn α n

(4) Tn α 1/n, rn α n2

The force k/r supplies the centripetal force for the circular motion of the electron so that we have

k/r = mv2/r where ‘m’ is the mass and ‘v’ is the speed of the electron.

Therefore, mv2 = k which is independent of the quantum number ‘n’. The kinetic energy Tn of the electron is ½ mv2 which is therefore independent of the quantum number ‘n’.

Also, v = √(k/m).

The angular momentum of the electron in the nth orbit of radius rn is mvrn and in the Bohr model mvrn = nh/2π where ‘h’ is Planck’s constant. Substituting for ‘v’ we have

√(k/m) ×rn = nh/2π

This gives rn α n. So the correct option is (2).

In the above question the attractive force on the electron was imagined to be inversely proportional to the distance just for the sake of testing your problem solving skill. In a real hydrogen atom the force is certainly inversely proportional to the square of the distance. You will find questions on real Bohr model on this site by clicking on the label ‘Bohr model ‘ below this post.

1 comment:

  1. Very Informative. thank you so much for your great guidance.