## Thursday, November 05, 2009

### MCQs on Magnetism including EAMCET 2009 (Medical) Question

Some multiple choice questions on magnetism have already been posted on this site. You can access them by clicking on the label ‘magnetism’ below this post. Today we will discuss a few more multiple choice questions on magnetism. (1) The period of oscillation of a magnetic needle in a magnetic field is T. If an identical bar magnetic needle is tied at right angles to it to form a cross (fig), the period of oscillation in the same magnetic field will be

(a) 21/4T

(b) 21/2T

(c) 2T

(d) T√3

(e) T/2

The period of oscillation (T) of the single magnetic needle is given by

T = 2π√(I/mB) where ‘I’ is the moment of inertia of the magnetic needle about the axis of rotation, ‘m’ is the magnetic dipole moment of the needle and ‘B’ is flux density of the magnetic field.

When two magnetic needles are tied together to form a cross, the moment of inertia becomes 2I and the magnitude of the magnetic dipole moment becomes √(m2 + m2) = m√2.

[Note that magnetic dipole moment is a vector quantity. Two identical vectors (each of magnitude m) at right angles will yield a resultant magnitude m√2].

The resultant magnetic moment will be directed along the bisector of the angle between the axes of the individual magnets since the magnets are identical. In the absence of a deflecting torque, the resultant dipole moment vector will align along the applied magnetic field B. On deflecting from this position, the system will oscillate with period T1 given by

T1 = 2π√(2I/mB√2) = 2π√(I√2/mB) = 21/4T (2) Three identical magnetic needles each L metre long and of dipole moment m ampere metre are joined as shown without affecting their magnetisation. At points B and C unlike poles are in contact. The dipole moment of this system is

(a) m

(b) 2m

(c) 3m

(d) 3m/2

(e) 5m/2

The distance (AD) between the ends of the compound magnet is 2L. Since the pole strength is m/L, the dipole moment of the compound magnet is (m/L)2L = 2m

(3) A magnet of length L and moment M is cut into two halves (A and B) perpendicular to its axis. One piece A is bent into a semicircle of radiur R and is joined to the other piece at the poles as shown in the figure below: Assuming that the magnet is in the form of a thin wire initially, the moment of the resulting magnet is given by

(1) M/2π

(2) M/π

(3) M(2 + π)/2π

(4) Mπ/(2 + π)

The above question appeared in EAMCET 2009 (Medicine) question paper.

The distance between the poles of the resulting magnet is (L/2) + 2R

Since the semicircular portion of radius R is made of the magnetised wire of length L/2, we have L/2 = πR so that R = L/2π and 2R = L/π

Therefore, length of the resulting magnet (L/2) + (L/π)

The pole strength (p) of the magnet is given by

p = M/L

Therefore, the dipole moment of the resulting magnet = Pole strength×Length = (M/L)[ (L/2) + (L/π)] = M(2 + π)/2π